Diabetes or insulin resistance is a common screened metabolic disease found in millions of people from all over the globe. Diabetes causes troublesome in processing sugar content in human body and induces a rise in blood sugar level. As per the research conducted by International Diabetes Federation, the number of diabetic patients in the world is getting increased by six million in each year. India holds the number one position among the countries with greatest number of diabetic patients. Diabetes, mainly caused due to the lack of insulin can be detected by doing blood glucose test. There are two types of tests available for testing blood glucose level. One is done in empty stomach where as the other is done two hours after food. Liver malfunctioning, pancreas damage, excessive sugar consumption and low physical activity are some of the causes of diabetes.
A person is supposed to have diabetes, if he has a sugar level greater than 126 mg before food and above 200 mg after food. Diabetes can be divided into type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes. Out of them, type 1 diabetes is mainly caused due to the lack of insulin and is mostly seen in youth. But type 2 diabetes occurs due to uncontrolled lifestyle and is dangerous when comparing type 1 diabetes. If the parents are diabetic, then the chance of occurrence of diabetes is more in the case of type 2. Lowering cholesterol level, blood pressure and reducing overweight are some of the ways for controlling type 2 diabetes. Persistent hunger is the main symptom of diabetes.
Patient will be asking for more and more food. This is mainly due to the presence of unburnt sugar in patient’s body. Walking at least half an hour per day reduces the body weight there by reducing cholesterol level and blood pressure level. Walking is considered as a good exercise for promoting insulin sensitivity. By walking or doing regular exercises, extra calories in the body will get burnt there by reducing body weight.
A diabetic patient should try to attain the lowest body weight as possible. Reducing carbohydrate consumption is one major technique for reducing body weight. A balanced diet with low carbohydrate concentration is preferred for diabetic patients. Avoid the over intake of sugar, oil, dry fruits, egg, beef and goat meat in food. Diabetic patients should always take great control over the food items.
Taking small amount of food in many trips is preferred over taking large quantity of food. Some of the favorable food items for a diabetic patient are green vegetables, oats, soybeans, legumes, yogurt, fish and eggs. Patients should try to include fiber rich content as much as possible in their diet. These food items help in burning fat and lowering cholesterol level in the body. Dietitians suggest protein rich diet for the patient because protein lowers the body blood sugar level. Check ups for the blood sugar level should be done regularly. Healthier lifestyle with proper medication prevents diabetes and enhances insulin management.
Dr Andrew Napier